Carl Jung was interested in biology, zoology, philosophy and the history of religion. He studied medicine at the University of Basel and received a medical degree in 1902. He later studied psychology in Paris and married Emma Rauschenbach in 1903, who also became his scientific collaborator. Jung coined the term "COMPLEX" to describe emotions and images, when analyzing people's inhibitions. Jung began working with Eugene Blueler in 1902, studying mental illness. Carl Jung read Sigmund Freud's "Interpretation of Dreams" and was very impressed. He realized his own ideas were similar to Freuds. Jung sent Freud his own work "Studies in Word Association" in1904 and this was the beginning of their collaboration. In 1907 Jung became Freud's main collaborator until 1912, when Jung wrote his revolutionary work "The Psychology of the Unconscious", which disagreed with Freud's theory that neuroses are linked mainly to sexual traumas. He then broke away from Freud.
Jung founded "ANALYTIC PSYCHOLOGY", which focuses on:
-"ARCHETYPES" (images, thoughts and patterns of personalities which repeats itself)
-the "COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS" (the passing of experiences from one generation to the next, originating from primitive times)
-the "INTROVERT" and the "EXTROVERT" personalities.
Carl Jung wrote "Psychological Types" (1921), which made the distinction of his terms "extroverts" and "introverts". Jung also visited tribes of Pueblo Indians in New Mexico and Arizona in 1924 and in Mt. Elgon in Kenya in 1925, along with Egypt and India to study further the idea of archetypes.
In 1944, Jung suffered a massive heart attack. He describes the visions he saw while having the heart attack in his book "Memories, Dreams, Reflections". In 1948, he founded the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich, where he lectured and consulted at. On June 6, 1961, after a brief illness, Carl Jung died in Zurich, at the age of 85.
Carl Jung is famous for interpreting dreams as having similarities to mythological or fairy-tales, expressing one's own psychic nature. He was the first person to introduce the theory of the feminine aspect in men, called "anima", and the masculine aspect in women, called "animus". Jung also believed in "INDIVIDUATION" where opposite parts of the personality are integrated. Jung introduced the famous concept of "SYNCHRONICITY" - the coincidence of unrelated parallel events.