- SIGMUND FREUD BIOGRAPHY
- SIGMUND FREUD, Austrian Neurologist &
Psychiatrist, Founder of Psychoanalysis, Creator of the "Oedipus
Complex", the "Id", the "Superego" and one of the Greatest Thinkers of
the 20th Century! The famous "FREUDIAN SLIP" was named after him!
Sigmund Freud was born
on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now the Czech Republic). Freud was the founder of
psychoanalysis and developed the theory of the Oedipus Complex.
- Freud was educated in Vienna,
beginning with biology and clinical neurology. He received his
medical degree at the University of Vienna in 1881. Freud began
collaborating with Josef Breuer
using hypnosis as a treatment for hysteria. The
therapy was called the
which had the patient undergo hypnosis to recall repressed
emotions. This technique was typically attacked by the medical
profession. Freud began a technique which was called
where the patient says whatever
thoughts and words pop into their mind, without any censorship.
He also discovered "TRANSFERENCE",
where the patient's feelings for one person are redirected to
- In 1897, Freud's famous
theory, the "OEDIPUS COMPLEX",
was introduced in his book "Interpretation
of Dreams" (1899).
This is derived from the mythological story that Oedipus killed his
father and married his mother. Freud's theory is that guilty
thoughts causes the development of neurosis. Freud became famous
for interpreting dreams to understand the subconscious thoughts. Freud's pupil,
supported Freud's theories.
The famous "FREUDIAN SLIP"
was named after Freud, who analyzed slips and seemingly
unimportant speaking errors in his book "The
Psychopathology of Everyday Life"
(1901). Freud worked alone, until
1906, when he was joined by his disciples Carl
Jung, Eugen Bleuler and Alfred Adler.
In 1908, Freud spoke at the First International Psychoanalytical
Congress. At this
conference a patient lay on a couch with the psychoanalyst
sitting behind the patient, with the patient "free associating."
- Freud published a theory on the
concept of the "Id"
in the language of psychiatry
(instincts vs. moral standards of society and how these standards restrain the
ego) and explained the conscious and unconscious parts of the
- After years of writing books and
theories, Freud developed cancer of the jaw in 1923. He had more
than 30 operations and had to wear a prosthesis to eat and
drink. Freud told his doctor Max Schur that when the time came
for him to die, he did not want sedatives. On September 23, 1939 Sigmund
Freud died in England. He allegedly committed suicide by instructing Schur to give
him morphine to end his suffering.
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