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- MARIE ANTOINETTE
- MARIE ANTOINETTE BIOGRAPHY
- The Famous Queen of France who was claimed to have
said "LET THEM EAT CAKE!" while the peasants were starving.
- Marie Antoinette was born in Vienna, Austria on November 2, 1755 - the 15th
child of Austrian Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I. As a child, Marie
Antoinette met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart when
he came to perform for Marie Antoinette's Imperial family. Legend has it that after the
concert, while Mozart (who was about the same age as Marie Antoinette) was playing with
the children, slipped and Marie caught him. Mozart stated "I'll marry you
someday." But, Marie Antoinette's mother wanted her to marry the future King of
- At the age of 15, Marie Antoinette married the Crown Prince of France in
order to strengthen the French monarchy's ties to Austria. In 1774, The Crown Prince of
France became King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette became the Queen of France.
- Marie Antoinette was extremely independent and refused to follow court protocol. She was
resented by the Parisians because of her foreign birth and extravagant lifestyle. The
peasants thought she was arrogant and Marie became the target of vicious gossip
and was accused of having affairs with both men and women. Marie appointed her friends to
palace positions over more qualified people. All of this lead to accusations of corruption
and illicit sexual behavior and was called the "Austrian Whore." The
masses began using Marie Antoinette as a scapegoat for their frustration
with the Monarchy.
- Unemployment and hunger were widespread among the peasants in France and they blamed the
Queen for their problems. There were vicious stories made up about Marie Antoinette
by the common Parisians. One story was that she asked why the peasants were angry and a
person answered "Because they have no bread" to which Marie
Antoinette declared "LET THEM EAT CAKE!" Marie Antoinette actually
never said those words, but the people hated her so much, they were ready to believe it.
- In 1789 The French Revolution began. There was rioting and the the
masses began storming the palace. Marie Antoinette became the target of
revolutionaries. After plotting with her brother Leopold II of Austria for
military aid in fighting off the revolutionaries, Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI and her
children fleed Paris only to be caught by a Parisian and sent back to Paris under guard.
- Marie Antoinette negotiated secretly with monarchist factions and her brother, Emperor
Leopold II to save the monarchy. News of her plotting and scheming enraged the French and
when Austria went to war with France, in 1792, the royal family were charged with treason,
ending the monarchy. Louis was charged with treason, sentenced to death and executed in
- On October 16, 1793, Marie Antoinette was tried for treason.
servants who wanted to get even with her provided false testimony in the trial. After only
1 hour, the jury sentenced her to death. On October 16, 1793, Marie
Antoinette was BEHEADED by the guillotine. Marie Antoinette was the ONE FIGURE who
triggered the anger of the French people into a full revolution.
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