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FRANZ SCHUBERT
FRANZ SCHUBERT was the quintessential Romantic composer/starving artist who composed hundreds of songs for voice and piano, nine symphonies including the famous "UNFINISHED SYMPHONY", died in poverty and managed to get buried next to his hero BEETHOVEN, all by the age of 31!
FRANZ SCHUBERT BIOGRAPHY
1797-1828
 
FRANZ SCHUBERT was the quintessential Romantic composer/starving artist who composed hundreds of songs for voice and piano, nine symphonies including the famous "UNFINISHED SYMPHONY", died in poverty and managed to get buried next to his hero BEETHOVEN, all by the age of 31!
 
FRANZ SCHUBERT was born on Jan, 31, 1797 in Vienna, Austria. A son of a schoolmaster, Schubert studied violin and piano and was a choir boy. He studied with the composer, Antonio Salieri  (who was the alleged enemy of Mozart). Schubert's father tried to force him to become a teacher, which Schubert tried, but gave up and wanted his independence.
 
Franz Schubert, established the lieder, German art songs for voice and piano, as the new art of the 19th century, composing music using poetry from Goethe, Schiller and Schubert's own friends. The famous "Schubertiades" were concerts put on by Schubert for a small group of friends and fans to showcase his music.  Schubert was influenced by Goethe's "Faust" and began composing songs based on Goethe's poems. Schubert's friend Joseph Spaun sent Schubert's music to Goethe, which was returned. as Goethe was "unimpressed". The most brilliant song composed by Franz Schubert was "Der Erlkonig", based on Goethe's poem.. This masterpiece has 4 characters: Father, Son, Narrator and "Erlking" (vision of death). It has a brilliant galloping musical triplet depicting a sick child and father riding a horse. The child is screaming to his father that he is being attacked by a supernatural being, the "Erlking". The father does not see anything. The child is screaming and the music conveys the terror, with the father trying to get his horse to go faster. As they reach their destination, the music ends before the final line: "In his arms the child was dead."

Schubert was a huge admirer of
Ludwig van Beethoven. Schubert admired Beethoven so much, that he reportedly visited Beethoven when Beethoven was dying and was a torchbearer at Beethoven's funeral. Schubert fell ill in the late 1820's. In 1828, he was diagnosed with Typhoid Fever and possibly Syphilis. On November 19, 1828, Schubert died in total poverty at age 31. Allegedly, Schubert's last musical work he wanted to hear was Beethoven's String Quartet #14 in C-Sharp Minor, Opus 131. Schubert admired Beethoven so much that wanted to be buried next to Beethoven. In 1888, both Beethoven and Schubert's graves were moved to Zentralfriedhof in Vienna.
 
Schubert composed hundreds of songs, including  Der Tod und das Madchen, Die Forelle, Der Wanderer, an opera, chamber music, including Trout Quintet, Death and the Maiden, nine symphonies including the famous "UNFINISHED SYMPHONY", Rosamunde, piano works, Song Cycles, including Schone Mullerin, Winterreise and much more. Except for his small circle of admirers, Schubert's genius was only recognized after his death.  Schubert lived in poverty and left his meager estate to his brother, Ferdinand, who worked hard to publish all of Schubert's work for musical history. 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
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