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JOAN OF ARC
JOAN OF ARC BIOGRAPHY
JOAN OF ARC was HISTORY'S FIRST
POWERFUL WOMAN, a military leader, attacked for wearing men's clothes,
called a witch and burned at the stake all by the age of 19! Over 400 years
later, Joan of Arc was made a Saint!
Joan of Arc (the Maid of Orleans) was born on January 6,1412 in Domremy, France.
At the age of 12, she began hearing voices from Saint Michael telling her it was her
MISSION to free France from the English and help make the Dauphin (eldest
son of the King of France) become King of France. To do that, Joan of Arcs
voices told her to cut her hair, wear men's clothing and pick up arms to go into battle.
She convinced the captain of the Dauphins' forces to let her lead the resistance to
the English invasion of France in the Hundred Years War. Joan of Arc led troops into
battle against the English and won a victory allowing Charles VII to become King of
In 1430, while defending France, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians (the French
who were Pro-English ) and was sold to the English. The English turned Joan of Arc
over to Pierre Cauchon, a Pro-English Bishop of Beauvais and was tried for WITCHCRAFT
and HERESY. She was viciously attacked for wearing mens
clothing, which was needed for her personal protection. This was considered
a crime against God. She defied the law by continuing to wear mens
clothing and was convicted after a 14 month interrogation. Charles
VII would NOT help save Joan of Arc and she was condemned to death.
At the age of 19, on May 30, 1431, Joan of Arc was BURNED AT THE STAKE.
In 1456 (25 years AFTER she was burned at the stake), a second trial was held and it was
declared that Joan of Arc was innocent. In 1909, Joan of Arc was beatified
(blessed). In 1920, JOAN OF ARC was CANONIZED (MADE A SAINT) by Pope Benedict XV,
therefore becoming the Patron Saint of France.
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