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- GEORGE WASHINGTON
- GEORGE WASHINGTON BIOGRAPHY
- GEORGE WASHINGTON, the FIRST PRESIDENT of the UNITED
STATES, Commander in Chief of the Continental Army in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION, President
of the Convention that WROTE THE U.S. CONSTITUTION and "FATHER OF THE
- George Washington was born on Feb. 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County,
Virginia. He went to school until he was only about 14 or 15, but Washington learned to
make the most out of his abilities. After his father died in 1743, he went to live with
his older half-brother, Lawrence, at Mount Vernon. Washington became a surveyor. At the
age of 20, Washington inherited the Mount Vernon Estate and started his military career.
He served as an army officer in the French and Indian War (a war fought to decide whether
France or Britain would rule North America). In 1755 Washington was promoted to Colonel
and commanded the Virginia Militia.
- In 1759, Washington married Martha Custis, a young widow with children and a large
estate, making Washington very wealthy. Washington was elected to the Virginia House of
Burgesses in 1759 until 1774. In 1774 the colonists began to build up EXTREME
ANGER and RESENTMENT against the British for the unfair treatment by King George III.
Britain taxed the colonies to repay themselves the debt that was created
by the French and Indian war (the war to remove France from North America). The
Colonists were angry at the British for punishing Boston for its "Tea
Party" and the UNFAIR British taxation. Talk of resistance to British
Rule began spreading. Washington and other colonists called for a boycott of
British Imports and began to stir up political rebellion.
- In 1774 and 1775 he attended the FIRST and SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
as a delegate from Virginia. In 1775 Washington was named the Commander in Chief
of the Continental Army and the AMERICAN REVOLUTION BEGAN!
- Washington learned to be a masterful commander and leader after
numerous trials and errors in forcing the British out of North America. Washington was
almost thrown out as Commander in Chief, but the public gave him their support and Washington
proved to be a brilliant, strategic and fearless leader.
- The famous painting "WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE" was
about Washington and a group of soldiers on Christmas Night in 1776 crossing
the Delaware River to launch a surprise attack to surround and defeat the British troops
in the Battle of Trenton. Very rarely the history of military
battle has a General faced such horrible and miserable conditions as Washington faced in
1777-1778 and he had an army of untrained soldiers. In that Spring, he finally
received a well-trained military force and was able to continue the attacks on the
- In 1781, Washington defeated General Cornwallis at the BATTLE OF YORKTOWN
in Virginia, ENDING THE WAR and making AMERICA INDEPENDENT FROM GREAT BRITAIN! Washington
made the AMERICAN REVOLUTION successful due to his military triumphs, wisdom,
genius skill at directing operations, great courage, patience and superior judgement.
- In 1783, Washington retired from the army and returned to Mount Vernon. Washington was
NOW FRUSTRATED with the weakness of the government and once again led the charge to
REORGANIZE! In 1787, Washington was the PRESIDING OFFICER and delegate of
the CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, which drafted the UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION.
In 1789, the electors met to select the FIRST U.S. PRESIDENT and George
Washington was the UNANIMOUS CHOICE!
- Washington became the FIRST PRESIDENT of The UNITED STATES and he
formed a cabinet and was committed to a STRONG GOVERNMENT. The cabinet included the famous
Thomas Jefferson, who was the Secretary of State and Alexander Hamilton, who was the
Secretary of Treasury. Washington appointed the FIRST
SUPREME COURT. Washington was elected to TWO TERMS of office and
he started a precedent by declining a THIRD TERM and retiring in 1797. In his farewell
address, Washington warned against "permanent alliances" with foreign
countries. Washington returned to Mount Vernon. He fell ill of pneumonia
and laryngitis in 1799 and died on Dec. 14, 1799.
- Many stories have been made about George Washington. George Washington probably DID
NOT chop down his father's cherry tree and confess "I cannot tell a lie, Pa."
But he was so honest and strong, people believed anything about his
- George Washington is REGARDED as one of the GREATEST FIGURES IN THE HISTORY of
the UNITED STATES and had THE GUTS, GENIUS and TENACITY to SHAPE the FUTURE of THE UNITED
STATES of AMERICA against EXTREME DIFFICULTIES and ADVERSITIES!!
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