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- EMILIANO ZAPATA
- EMILIANO ZAPATA BIOGRAPHY
- EMILIANO ZAPATA, the famous Mexican REVOLUTIONARY and rebel leader,
who led the Mexican Revolution, was called "THE ATTILA OF THE SOUTH", was
AMBUSHED and ASSASSINATED at the age of 40 and believed "IT IS BETTER TO DIE ON YOUR
FEET THAN LIVE ON YOUR KNEES."
- Emiliano Zapata was born on Aug. 8, 1879 in Anenecuilco, Mexico to a
peasant family. Zapata was an orphan by the age of 17 and began taking care of his
brothers and sisters. He grew furious at the INJUSTICES suffered by his
neighbors when a nearby hacienda owner stole land from the peasants. Zapata began leading
battles to get the peasants land back to them.
- In 1897, Zapata was arrested for protesting that large plantations, haciendas, were
taking over the peasants land. In 1910, Zapata organized a small force to
help Francisco Madero overthrow dictator Porfirio Diaz from
office. This was the beginning of the MEXICAN REVOLUTION, which lasted
until 1917. Zapata took up arms with the cry "LAND AND LIBERTY"
and refused to lay down his arms until Madero, who overthrew Diaz, distributed land to the
peasants. In 1911, Zapata met with Madero to draw up a plan of land reform. Unhappy
with Madero's slow progress, Zapata wrote a program of land reform, known as the "Plan
of Ayala" in November, 1911. The plan called for the hacienda owners to
return the land to the Indian communal farmers.
- In 1914, Venustiano Carranza, came into power. Zapata led a 25,000
person Liberation Army in the South of Mexico, which occupied Mexico
City. Zapata then began a partnership with Pancho Villa to work
together for a new president. Zapata created a commission to distribute land and
formed the Rural Loan Bank, which was Mexico's first organization to give credit to
In 1917, Carranza's army defeated Pancho Villa, which left Zapata isolated. Carranza
was elected president and maliciously set up Zapata to be ambushed. Colonel
Jesus Guajardo, an emissary of Carranza, invited Zapata to meet, pretending to
join Zapata's cause. On April 10, 1919, Emiliano Zapata arrived to the meeting and
was immediately AMBUSHED, SHOT AND ASSASSINATED.
- Zapata's movement was called "ZAPATISMO" and today the famous
revolutionaries, "ZAPATISTAS," are fighting for political
rights for Mexico's native Indian population. Their most famous voice is Subcommander
- Zapata remains a folk hero in Mexico, where he is revered as a revolutionary
figure. "ZAPATA LIVES, THE STRUGGLE CONTINUES."
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